Bachelor of Medicine - MBBS
MBBS is a 5.5 year-long undergraduate degree. Candidates are taught Pre-Clinical, Para-Clinical, and Clinical subjects during the MBBS course. After pursuing the MBBS course, candidates are employed as doctors. Candidates who have studied PCB in class 12 are eligible to pursue the MBBS course. Students should have attained at least 17 years of age for pursuing MBBS. Admission to MBBS in India is granted on the basis of the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) result.
National Testing Agency (NTA) is the authority that conducts NEET in pen and paper mode. On the basis of NEET admission to MBBS seats in government medical colleges, deemed/central universities, ESIC and AFMS are granted. By qualifying NTA NEET candidates can get admission to top MBBS colleges of the country such as AIIMS, JIPMER, MAMC, AMU, BHU, and many more. Fees of the MBBS course varies according to the respective institution. The MBBS course fee in government colleges is much lower in comparison to deemed and private universities.
Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS)
BDS is one of the most popular medical courses in India. The duration of the BDS course is 5 years which includes a year-long rotatory internship. During the BDS course, candidates gain theoretical knowledge and practical dental surgery training. Like MBBS, to pursue BDS course candidates must have attained a minimum of 17 years of age and should have completed their class 12 with three core science subjects. Admission to the BDS course is granted on the basis of the NEET score. Only candidates who qualify in the NEET-UG exam bypassing the minimum cutoff are eligible to get admission to BDS in any dental college. There are a total of 26,949 Bachelors of Dental Surgery seats across 313 dental colleges in India. According to the latest NIRF rankings,Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Karnataka is the best institute to pursue a BDS course.Other top dental colleges include Dr DY Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune ,SIMATS Chennai - Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciencesto name a few. The fees for BDS varies across different dental colleges. BDS fees in private universities are on a higher end as compared to government or state colleges.
Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
BAMS course is included under AYUSH courses in India. BAMS is a UG level medical course of 5.5 years of duration. BAMS graduates are employed as Ayurvedic physicians or doctors. The syllabus of the BAMS course includes the study of Ayurveda Medicine and Surgery for the treatment of human disorders. Post completing BAMS candidates can pursueM.S. (Master of Surgery) andM.D. (Doctor of Medicine) in Ayurveda.
The eligibility criteria of the BAMS course is the same as of MBBS. Class 12 science students will at least 50% marks are eligible to study Ayurvedic medicine. Admission to the BAMS course is granted through the NEET exam. The admission process of the BAMS course is conducted by AYUSH Admission Central Counselling Committee (AACCC).Institute of Medical Sciences, BHU ,Tilak Ayurved Mahavidyalaya, Pune ,Patanjali Ayurved College, Haridwar are some of the leading BAMS colleges in India. The fee of the BAMS course ranges between Rs 50,000 to 70,000 annually.
Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS)
BHMS is a 5.5 year long UG medical course. BHMS comes under the AYUSH courses. Post completion of the BHMS course candidates is recognised as Homeopathic Doctor in India. The minimum eligibility required for pursuing a BHMS course is 40% of more marks in class 12. AACCC offers the admission to BHMS course to eligible candidates on the basis of NEET marks. The minimum NEET-UG percentile required for the BHMS course is the 50th percentile for general and the 40th percentile for SC, ST, and OBC category candidates. There are several BHMS colleges across India.Lokmanya Homeopathic Medical college, Pune ,National Institute of Homeopathy, kolkata ,Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences, Vijayawada are of the popular BHMS colleges in India.
Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (BUMS)
BUMS is an undergraduate AYUSH course. The total duration of the BUMS degree is 5.5 years of which 1 year is a mandatory internship. The BUMS course curriculum is based on Unani methods of medical treatment. To get admission into the BUMS course, candidates need to pass class 12 with at least 50% marks and qualify for the NEET entrance exam. The cutoff of NEET for BUMS courses is the same as BHMS AND BAMS course i.e. 50th percentile for UR candidates and 40th percentile for reserved category students. Like all other AYUSH courses, admission to BUMS courses is also conducted by AACCC.
Bachelor of Siddha Medicine and Surgery (BSMS)
BSMS is a 5.5-year long AYUSH course. Candidates who pursue a Bachelor of Siddha Medicine and Surgery are employed as doctors. Like other AYUSH courses, AACCC is the admission conducting body of BSMS courses in India. Admission to BSMS seats is granted on the basis of the NEET-UG score. In addition to qualifying NEET exam, to pursue BSMS candidates also have to qualify for class 12 with at least 50% marks.Kerala University of Health Sciences, Thrissur , RVS Siddha Medical College, CoimbatoreMadhya Pradesh Medical Science University, Jabalpurare some of the popular colleges offering BSMS courses.
Bachelor in Veterinary Science (B.V.Sc)
B.V.Sc is a medical course which deals with the study of veterinary medicine. During the 5.5 years of the B.V.Sc course, candidates study the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in all forms of animals. After completing the B.V.Sc course, candidates become doctors or popularly known as vets. Admission to the B.V.Sc course is granted on the basis of the NEET exam. In addition to qualifying NEET, candidates must have scored at least 50% marks in their class 12 qualifying exam to study B.V.Sc course. The Veterinary Council of India conducts the admission of B.VSc course. In addition to NEET, there are other state-level entrance tests conducted for admission to state B.V.Sc seats. These state-level B.V.Sc entrance tests include RPVT , KEAM, KCET, and WBJEE.
Bachelor of Physiotherapy - B.Pth or BPT
Bachelor of Physiotherapy is a 4.5 year-long course including a six-month internship. Candidates who pursue physiotherapy are known as physiotherapists. The demand and use of physiotherapy in the treatment of disorders have increased significantly over the years. To pursue BPT, students must have studied Physics, Chemistry, and Biology in their class 12. BPT course is offered by some of the most popular institutes in India. BPT colleges includeGuru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University ,SRM Medical College Hospital, and Research Centre, Chennai, andMedical Trust Institute of Medical Sciences, Cochinto name a few.
Admission to BPT courses is granted on the basis of entrance tests. While some colleges accept NEET scores for admission to UG physiotherapy courses, most of the institutes conduct their own entrance tests. It must be noted that NEET is not a mandatory exam for admission to Bachelors in Physiotherapy courses. In addition to the above discussed popular courses, there are several other medical courses after 12th which students can pursue. A list of medical courses after the 12th which do not require the NEET exam is mentioned below. Candidates who have studied their class 12 with science subjects are eligible to pursue these medical courses. Admission to these courses after class 12th is offered on the basis of merit or institute entrance test. Check the list of medical courses after the 12th which do not require the NEET exam below.